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Exam Number/Code: CAS-002
Exam name: CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner (CASP)
n questions with full explanations
Certification: CompTIA Certification
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New CompTIA CAS-002 Exam Dumps Collection (Question 12 - Question 21)
Q12. A security manager is looking into the following vendor proposal for a cloud-based SIEM solution. The intention is that the cost of the SIEM solution will be justified by having reduced the number of incidents and therefore saving on the amount spent investigating incidents.
External cloud-based software as a service subscription costing $5,000 per month. Expected to reduce the number of current incidents per annum by 50%.
The company currently has ten security incidents per annum at an average cost of $10,000 per incident. Which of the following is the ROI for this proposal after three years?
A. -$30,000 B. $120,000 C. $150,000 D. $180,000
Q13. The source workstation image for new accounting PCs has begun blue-screening. A technician notices that the date/time stamp of the image source appears to have changed. The desktop support director has asked the Information Security department to determine if any changes were made to the source image. Which of the following methods would BEST help with this process? (Select TWO).
A. Retrieve source system image from backup and run file comparison analysis on the two images.
B. Parse all images to determine if extra data is hidden using steganography.
A. C. Calculate a new hash and compare it with the previously captured image hash.
D. Ask desktop support if any changes to the images were made.
E. Check key system files to see if date/time stamp is in the past six months.
Q14. A new internal network segmentation solution will be implemented into the enterprise that consists of 200 internal firewalls. As part of running a pilot exercise, it was determined that it takes three changes to deploy a new application onto the network before it is operational. Security now has a significant effect on overall availability. Which of the following would be the FIRST process to perform as a result of these findings?
A. Lower the SLA to a more tolerable level and perform a risk assessment to see if the solution could be met by another solution. Reuse the firewall infrastructure on other projects.
B. Perform a cost benefit analysis and implement the solution as it stands as long as the risks are understood by the business owners around the availability issues. Decrease the current SLA expectations to match the new solution.
C. Engage internal auditors to perform a review of the project to determine why and how the project did not meet the security requirements. As part of the review ask them to review the control effectiveness.
D. Review to determine if control effectiveness is in line with the complexity of the solution. Determine if the requirements can be met with a simpler solution.
Q15. A systems administrator establishes a CIFS share on a UNIX device to share data to
Windows systems. The security authentication on the Windows domain is set to the highest level. Windows users are stating that they cannot authenticate to the UNIX share. Which of the following settings on the UNIX server would correct this problem?
A. Refuse LM and only accept NTLMv2
B. Accept only LM
C. Refuse NTLMv2 and accept LM
D. Accept only NTLM
Q16. Executive management is asking for a new manufacturing control and workflow automation solution. This application will facilitate management of proprietary information and closely guarded corporate trade secrets.
The information security team has been a part of the department meetings and come away with the following notes:
-Human resources would like complete access to employee data stored in the application. They would like automated data interchange with the employee management application, a cloud-based SaaS application.
-Sales is asking for easy order tracking to facilitate feedback to customers.
-Legal is asking for adequate safeguards to protect trade secrets. They are also concerned with data ownership questions and legal jurisdiction.
-Manufacturing is asking for ease of use. Employees working the assembly line cannot be bothered with additional steps or overhead. System interaction needs to be quick and easy.
-Quality assurance is concerned about managing the end product and tracking overall performance of the product being produced. They would like read-only access to the entire workflow process for monitoring and baselining.
The favored solution is a user friendly software application that would be hosted onsite. It has extensive ACL functionality, but also has readily available APIs for extensibility. It supports read-only access, kiosk automation, custom fields, and data encryption.
Which of the following departmentsu2019 request is in contrast to the favored solution?
D. Quality assurance
E. Human resources
Q17. A company with 2000 workstations is considering purchasing a HIPS to minimize the impact of a system compromise from malware. Currently, the company projects a total cost of $50,000 for the next three years responding to and eradicating workstation malware. The Information Security Officer (ISO) has received three quotes from different companies that provide HIPS.
Which solution should the company select if the contract is only valid for three years?
A. First quote
B. Second quote
C. Third quote
D. Accept the risk
Q18. Two separate companies are in the process of integrating their authentication infrastructure into a unified single sign-on system. Currently, both companies use an AD backend and two factor authentication using TOTP. The system administrators have configured a trust relationship between the authentication backend to ensure proper process flow. How should the employees request access to shared resources before the authentication integration is complete?
A. They should logon to the system using the username concatenated with the 6-digit code and their original password.
B. They should logon to the system using the newly assigned global username: first.lastname#### where #### is the second factor code.
C. They should use the username format: LAN\\first.lastname together with their original password and the next 6-digit code displayed when the token button is depressed.
D. They should use the username format: firstname.lastname@example.org, together with a password and their 6-digit code.
Q19. A security administrator was doing a packet capture and noticed a system communicating with an unauthorized address within the 2001::/32 prefix. The network administrator confirms there is no IPv6 routing into or out of the network. Which of the following is the BEST course of action?
A. Investigate the network traffic and block UDP port 3544 at the firewall
B. Remove the system from the network and disable IPv6 at the router
C. Locate and remove the unauthorized 6to4 relay from the network
D. Disable the switch port and block the 2001::/32 traffic at the firewall
Q20. A security administrator is shown the following log excerpt from a Unix system:
2013 Oct 10 07:14:57 web14 sshd: Failed password for root from 198.51.100.23 port
2013 Oct 10 07:14:57 web14 sshd: Failed password for root from 198.51.100.23 port
2013 Oct 10 07:14:58 web14 sshd: Failed password for root from 198.51.100.23 port
2013 Oct 10 07:15:59 web14 sshd: Failed password for root from 198.51.100.23 port
2013 Oct 10 07:16:00 web14 sshd: Failed password for root from 198.51.100.23 port
2013 Oct 10 07:16:00 web14 sshd: Successful login for root from 198.51.100.23 port
Which of the following is the MOST likely explanation of what is occurring and the BEST immediate response? (Select TWO).
A. An authorized administrator has logged into the root account remotely.
B. The administrator should disable remote root logins.
C. Isolate the system immediately and begin forensic analysis on the host.
D. A remote attacker has compromised the root account using a buffer overflow in sshd.
E. A remote attacker has guessed the root password using a dictionary attack.
F. Use iptables to immediately DROP connections from the IP 198.51.100.23.
G. A remote attacker has compromised the private key of the root account.
H. Change the root password immediately to a password not found in a dictionary.
Q21. A large organization has recently suffered a massive credit card breach. During the months of Incident Response, there were multiple attempts to assign blame for whose fault it was that the incident occurred. In which part of the incident response phase would this be addressed in a controlled and productive manner?
A. During the Identification Phase
B. During the Lessons Learned phase
C. During the Containment Phase
D. During the Preparation Phase
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